UPDATE 2017/06/11: The patch has landed in NeoMutt 20170414.

For a long time Gmail filters were keeping my inbox clean by automatically archiving all emails incoming from mailing lists. Even if it looks efficient, there's actually a big issue. Do you seriously take time to read all these unread archived emails?

If you already missed an important vulnerability report or answered to a two-year old unanswered question on a mailing list, take a seat.

Back in the days when I started to use Mutt, I also started to auto-archive mailing lists for two reasons:

  • Some mailing lists keeps the original subject which provides no way to easily read the name in the index view of Mutt
  • And I lost the color of my Gmail labels

Few weeks ago I started looking for a way to remove this auto-archive and still keep a readable inbox.

The first thing was to always have the mailing list name on the index view. I discovered %L while reading some Mutt documentation. Used in $index_format, %L will print the list-name if an address defined in subscribe if found in the To or CC headers.

So, basically I listed all mailing lists to which I am subscribed like this in my .muttrc:

subscribe ceph-users@lists.ceph.com ceph-users@ceph.com ceph-devel@vger.kernel.org
subscribe haproxy@formilux.org
subscribe riak-users@lists.basho.com
subscribe systemd-devel@lists.freedesktop.org
# And so on…

The downside of this feature is that it will print the maildir folder if no subscribed address is found:

If an address in the To or CC header field matches an address defined by the users ``subscribe'' command, this displays "To <list-name>", otherwise the same as %F.

It's important to say here that I recently replaced Mutt with NeoMutt, a quite active fork which includes a lot of patches like the sidebar and notmuch support.

So… Let's do some hacking.

After few hours in some C files, I proposed a change to NeoMutt: add support of %K. %K is basically like %L but it will remain empty if no subscribed address is found and it can be used with a condition (%?x?&?).

With this change we can have an $index_format of the following form:

set index_format = "%4C (%4c) %Z %?GI?%GI& ? %[%d/%b]  %-20.19F %?K?%15.14K&               ? %?M?(%3M)&     ? %?X?¤& ? %s %> %?g?%g?"

Which will create a dedicated column for the list name like in the following image:

NeoMutt, K support

In the previous example %?K?%15.14K& ? instructs Mutt to:

  • %?K?%15.14K: print the first 14 characters of %K in a field limited to 15 characters if %K is not empty
  • & ?: print 15 whitespaces otherwise

Now that I have a textual equivalent to Gmail labels, there is one thing left: colors.

Let's do some really nasty things with color index and patterns:

color index color73 default "~C haproxy@formilux.org"

This line will use color73 as foreground color for all emails sent to the HAProxy mailing list.

We can even have a bold color for new emails from this mailing list:

color index brightcolor73 default "~N ~C haproxy@formilux.org"

Here is an excerpt of my subscriptions configuration file for Mutt:

subscribe ceph-users@lists.ceph.com ceph-users@ceph.com ceph-devel@vger.kernel.org
color index color73 default "~C ceph-users@lists.ceph.com | ~C ceph-users@ceph.com | ~C ceph-devel@vger.kernel.org"
color index brightcolor73 default "~N (~C ceph-users@lists.ceph.com | ~C ceph-users@ceph.com | ~C ceph-devel@vger.kernel.org)"

subscribe haproxy@formilux.org
color index color42 default "~C haproxy@formilux.org"
color index brightcolor42 default "~N ~C haproxy@formilux.org"

subscribe riak-users@lists.basho.com
color index color30 default "~C riak-users@lists.basho.com"
color index brightcolor30 default "~N ~C riak-users@lists.basho.com"

subscribe frnog@frnog.org frnog-.*@frnog.org
color index color3 default "~C frnog@frnog.org | ~C frnog-.*@frnog.org"
color index brightcolor3 default "~N (~C frnog@frnog.org | ~C frnog-.*@frnog.org)"

subscribe frsag@frsag.org
color index color10 default "~C frsag@frsag.org"
color index brightcolor10 default "~N ~C frsag@frsag.org"

Yes, I'm using a dedicated color for each mailing list. The complete file gives me the following colored inbox:


Note: the support of %K should land in the next release of NeoMutt. If you want it now you should patch your installation using this patch.

For more information: